The old mountain villages are arranged as follows: their head (sacred springs, temples, chief’s house) on the side of the sacred mountain, and their legs (cemetery, temples of death) on the side of the sea.
These villages are generally linear in shape and many of them are crossed by a kind of spine made up of long houses.
In the fertile plains and on the coast, the traditional linear village of the Bali / lga (the original Balinese) has evolved, especially since the IVapahit era IV century), at which time it has protected itself from the outside world by walls of the enclosure. The market was at the main intersection or on a sort of place called barizciiaga / 1.
From the tenth century, when Hindu-inspired Javanese culture appeared in Bali, fiestas were built in the most important villages, as well as temples devoted to the Brahnia, Shiva and Vishnu gods. Balinese is a homogeneous ensemble where the temple, the inhabitants and the palace are intimately linked, as formerly the villages of medieval Europe.
All the villages have a Banjar, an adjoining quarter which houses the wan fi la, a vast community of hardwood building reserved for meetings, debates, rehearsals of gamelan (traditional instrumental ensemble) and prepayments of cremations. The wantílan, often surrounded by banyan trees, have long been the most imposing traditional structures on the island. Today, unfortunately, they are rarely built with traditional materials except when they are part of a hotel.
Since the 1970s, Balinese people have enjoyed concrete buildings. Each wa / m’lmz has a leulleul or large wooden drum formed of a long hollow tree trunk, to beat the booster. The village cemetery, or rather the cremation square, is usually in the middle of giant trees, near the “temple of the
dead >>, the pura panjapatí, which usually marks the kelo (the end of the village, facing the sea.
Some of the mountain villages such as Bayunggede and Belantih consist of rows of bamboo huts with pointed roofs. The temples, usually small and discreet, are built in dead ends.
The environment of the Balinese village is particularly picturesque: giant bananas on the square, frangipani and coconut trees along the roads and in front of the door of the elegant houses, and sometimes, communal baths.
Most villages are surrounded by rice fields or, depending on the region, orchards and pastures.